IoT And Smart Cities-Use Cases And Implementation Strategies-Part II
by Pushp Kumar Dutt on January 7, 2019
In the first part of this two-part series, we read about some popular IoT use cases. In this second and last part, we will read about some more popular use cases associated with the Internet of Things.
Smart cities that are powered by IoT allow the residents to save money and let them have better and easier control over their home utilities.
Different approaches to smart utilities are enabled by IoT:
Smart Meters & Billing
Thanks to seamless networks of smart meters, municipalities can provide cost-efficient connectivity to the residents for utilizing the Information Technology systems of companies. Now, data can be sent directly by smart connected meters to a public utility over a specific telecom network and provide reliable meter readings to it. This form of smart metering facilitates the utility companies to accurately bill for the amount of gas, water, energy, etc. consumed by each and every household.
- Remote Monitoring
IoT-powered smart city solutions can also provide utility management services to the residents. These services can be availed by the residents to make use of their respective smart meters for remotely controlling and tracking their usage. For instance, a homeowner using a smartphone can easily turn off the home central heating of his home. Furthermore, utility companies can instantly notify a homeowner if an issue (like a water leakage) occurs and even send specialists to fix the issue.
- Revealing Consumption Patterns
Utility companies are empowered by smart meter networks to gain greater visibility. These networks also enable them to find out how energy, gas, or water are consumed by their customers. With a seamless and robust network of smart meters, utility companies can easily and efficiently monitor real-time data and redirect resources as required. They may even encourage the end users to use less water or energy at times of shortage.
- Public Transport
Data collected from IoT sensors can be used to find out how exactly citizens make use of transport facilities and modes. This data can be used by public transportation operators to enrich the overall traveling experience and create and maintain the highest standards of punctuality and safety. Smart public transport solutions can make use of different resources like traffic information and ticket sales to carry out even more sophisticated analysis.
There is no denying the fact that IoT-based smart cities transform the concepts of control and maintenance of street lamps. Lighting schedule to the lighting zone can be easily adapted by equipping streetlights with sensors and thereafter connecting them to Cloud management solutions.
Data on the movement of vehicles and people and data on illuminance can be collected by smart lighting solutions. Then, it can be combined with contextual and historical data and analyzed for improving the lighting schedule. By doing this, smart lighting solutions “communicates” the streetlights to brighten, switch on or off, or dim based on the outer conditions.
Containers are emptied by most waste collection operators according to predefined schedules. This obviously cannot be termed as a very efficient approach as this may lead to unnecessary fuel consumption and the unproductive use of waste containers by the collecting trucks. Smart city solutions that are powered by IoT helps in the optimization of waste collecting schedules by efficiently tracking waste levels along with operational analytics and route optimization.
Internet of Things helps cities manage and connect a wide range of public services and infrastructure. From road traffic to smart lighting to waste management and connected public transport, the range of IoT use cases is highly diverse. The application of IoT-powered solutions results in optimized use of natural resources, reduced costs for energy, a healthier environment, and safer cities.
By Pushp Kumar Dutt on January 7, 2019