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What Is Industry 4.0-Everything About Fourth Industrial Revolution

Fourth Industrial Revolution by Pushp Kumar Dutt on December 9, 2018

The manufacturing sector is in the middle of a sea change and the final outcome is far from certain. Surprisingly, there are more questions right now than answers. If you have been hearing about the term "Industry 4.0" but still wondering what is it, this piece of information will surely assist you to gain a clear and complete understanding. It will also help you find out if the Fourth Industrial Revolution or Industry 4.0 pertains only to huge corporations or will it have a sizeable impact on small industries too.

Industry 1.0

Make no mistake, human civilization has seen many revolutions. Though the opinion is divided between industry experts, the first industrial revolution started happening in the time period between 1760 and 1840. This was the time of transition from the skilled artisans making products and goods by hand to relatively semi-skilled or unskilled workers making use of machines to produce similar goods through the use of a steam engine or a water wheel. This translation made its presence felt mostly in the textile sector. However, the effects of the first Industrial Revolution were finally felt and noticed in every single sphere of daily life. That was Industry 1.0.

Industry 2.0

The Second Industrial Revolution started over the end of the 19th century and the start of the 20th century. Unlike the 1st industrial revolution that was predominantly characterized by the advent of innovative technologies, the Second Industrial Revolution was more associated with the improvement of existing technologies and the associated synergies between them. For instance, water was replaced by electricity and steam emerged as the primary source of power in factories. This revolution also marked the emergence of the assembly parts and with it, mass production.

Industry 3.0

The Third Industrial Revolution saw the emergence of disruptive new technologies like automation and the computer. This revolution was the biggest till date and it almost changed the world around us. Monumental changes were made to manufacturing that enabled accuracy and precision owing to industrial robots and Computer Numerical Controls.

What Is the Fourth Industrial Revolution?

Industry 4.0

If you take a broad view of the preceding revolutions, you will notice an emerging pattern.

Revolutions that are odd-numbered were the apparent results of disruptive innovative technologies. On the other hand, the Second Industrial Revolution had less to do with the invention of new technologies and more to do with enhancing the synergy between them.

If this pattern holds, we all should be expecting the Fourth Industrial Revolution or Industry 4.0 to be associated with more optimization than invention. Granted, this interface we had is of course based on a paltry sample size but a big majority of industry leaders and experts provide some support to it.

We all are very much aware of the fact that every now and again a fundamental shift happens and then it becomes a trend. Later, it becomes mainstream! This is exactly how we got to mass production and mechanization, and now to automation and computers.

Today, we are noticing a huge though invisible (or partially visible) at times to our eyes. The transition is happening from having machines with computers in isolation to machines with state-of-the-art onboard computers that are being controlled or communicating with other computers or smart devices. This is surely not something that started or happened overnight. Obviously, it can be described as something that has slowly and gradually come about as devices have become smarter and more connected.

Welcome to Industry 4.0. Find out how NetObjex can help you and be your reliable partner in making your organization make the most out of Industry 4.0 -- the Fourth Industrial Revolution -- through cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things, cloud computing, and cognitive computing solutions. Let us walk together to yours and NetObjex Industry 4.0.

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